This is Nukite also known as Spear Hand in Karate. Nukite is a practically forgotten technique nowadays, there are few masters who make reference to it, and it only appears in katas.
These techniques require special training to strengthen the fingers of the hand so that the blows given with them do not cause injury to the practitioner. It is a technique that is used as a blow, not as a pressure point.
The most used for hardening the hands is the makiwara and containers with different materials, usually different types of grains, such as beans, rice, or even sand. You could go to the beach and practice your Nukite strike with the beach sand in small repetitions, the sand will tighten your fingers.
Nukite is formed with the open hand, the fingers closely joined and slightly bent inwards, the thumb forming a bridge, with the pad resting on the index finger. To be more effective, some Masters flex their middle finger slightly to match the length of the index and ring fingers.
In any case, it must be borne in mind that, like the other techniques where the fingers intervene, hitting with the fingers fully extended should always be avoided, and they will always be executed with maximum tension.
There are two forms of nukite. Tate nukite and yoko nukite, whose only difference is that the first is executed in a vertical plane and the second in a horizontal plane in relation to the ground.
- Tate nukite: It is used to hit the following vital points: Solar plexus, throat and genitals.
- Yoko nukite: The hand is in a plane parallel to the ground, generally with the palm facing the ground, although it is possible to perform the technique with the palm facing upwards. The attack, generally, is made to the side, to the opponent’s floating ribs, in which case the other hand is armed to the side, and also to the front, attacking the neck or the eyes of the opponent.
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