The Basics in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu basics

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Basics focuses on grappling and ground fighting and will give you an understanding of how to control and manipulate a strong and aggressive opponent. Learning the basic positions and adding in submissions will allow you to make an opponent give up without having to throw a single punch or kick.

BJJ techniques are a perfect complementary skill for virtually any martial artist with standup experience. Being able to have a full arsenal of techniques standing and on the ground will provide the necessary tools to be confident in any fight scene.

The basic technique and positions will be the foundation in which the new student learns how to move properly and figures out the finer details of the positions. The advanced moves will be built from this solid foundation, but the basics are more than enough to get an individual to an expert level.

Basic Jiu-Jitsu Techniques

Guard – The beginner BJJ student will train with many types of guards from the start. All the guards the new student will play involve the use of good leg and hip movement to maintain and replace the position. The only time the upper body is used in a guard is for grip control. Trying to control the opponent with upper body strength is not effective and will only make you tired.

The first guard everyone learns is the Closed guard. Your legs are secured around the waist with the feet locked and you are trying to off-balance and break the posture of the opponent. The position of the hands can be a grip on the sleeve, collar, or a combination of both.

Half guard is used to controlling one leg of the individual with your two legs. this position is maintained by staying on the side and not flat on the back as in the closed guard. A half guard will never be as strong as any of the full guards because you are not using all your limbs to play the guard position.

The Hook guard (Butterfly guard) uses the foot as a hook and locks into the inner part of the opponent’s thigh to off balance by lifting and pulling. You can use both feet or one to play the Hook guard and it will greatly depend on the movement and pressure being applied by the opponent.

There are a lot of Jiu Jitsu techniques that can be applied with the basic Open guard. This provides the opportunity to transition into other guards with good leg and hip movement. Starting with both feet on the hips lets you keep the opponent from driving in and closing the space.

Guard Passing will require a lot of training to become efficient at the start. Getting by the legs and hips and controlling the opponent for at least 3 seconds requires good balance and posture. Combining different types of passes will greatly increase the odds of getting threw or around the legs of a good guard player.

null Focus on staying tight and allowing no space while controlling the position first then going for a submission Jiu Jitsu technique or transitioning to another position.

Maintaining the Mount position requires the knees to be pinched at the waist and hands-free to base out or attack. This is considered a dominant position because the individual escaping has to carry your weight no matter which way they move.

Back control is considered another position of dominance and is an effective way to wear down your opponent and set up some of the best choke submissions. The focus of this position is to keep your chest tightly glued to the opponents back and keep your hooks (feet) connected to the inner thighs.

Escapes – Getting good at escapes will require time spent drilling techniques and training from a bad position. The main focus should be to keep your arms by your sides and use hip movement to create space to replace guard or go to your knees.

Submissions are what you should be striving for but not at first. To execute a submission on your opponent, you will need to train and understand the details just like any other position.

Learning the fundamental Jiu Jitsu basics will give the new student a starting point to build from and provide the necessary skills to advance their Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu techniques to the next level.


From the rough streets of Rio de Janeiro to the spotlights of the UFC, Gracie Jiu-Jitsu has proven to be the most effective self-defense system of all time.

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Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques

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